Earth and Space - Year 4 
Earth and Space Year 4 is the study of Earth and its place in space for Year 4 students. It aligns to the Australian Curriculum Science Understanding:
  • Earth’s surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity (ACSSU075).

This curriculum program is currently being updated to align with the Australian Curriculum 9.0. Updated versions will be released in early 2023.
Lesson Objectives
In Lessons 1 to 10, students learn about: 
  • how the Earth was formed
  • identifying the four main layers of Earth
  • the Earth’s main tectonic plates
  • continental drift theory
  • landforms and how they are formed
  • the three main types of rock
  • how fossil fuels were formed and their uses
  • researching a geological site
  • writing a report using the information from your reading.
Success Criteria
  • Identify the two main processes that formed the Earth.
  • Explain why humans are able to live on Earth.
  • Identify and label Earth’s four main layers.
  • Represent a model of the Earth’s layers.
  • Identify what tectonic plates are.
  • Describe two examples of what happens where tectonic plates meet.
  • Outline the tectonic plate boundaries.
  • Explain what continental drift theory is.
  • Represent Pangaea in an online puzzle.
  • Describe the difference between constructive and destructive forces.
  • Classify landforms created by constructive and/or destructive processes in a card game.
  • Describe the three main types of rocks and how they were formed.
  • Classify rocks in the rock cycle. Describe the three main types of fossil fuels.
  • Plot to represent the main fossil fuel reserves on a map of Australia.
  • Complete research and take notes about a geological site.
  • Create an information report using your reading research about the geological site. 
Progress Tests
Progress tests are conducted after every second lesson, allowing teachers to monitor student understanding of the concepts taught over the past two lessons and to identify where reteaching is needed. The Teaching Guide contains the testing questions, and the Student Workbook has a section where students write their answers and score themselves.

Structured Research Activity
The Structured Research Activity (SRA) for this unit is: Students to research and write a report on a geological site. The SRA takes place over two lessons so students can apply the Science Understanding and Science Inquiry Skills covered in the unit. Teachers use the Guide to Making Judgements, which is included in the Teaching Guide, to mark the SRA.

End-of-Unit Assessment
The last lesson is the end-of-unit assessment which has a variety of question formats (e.g. label the diagram, circle the correct answer) to assess student mastery of content from the unit. The end-of-unit assessment is in the Teaching Guide. Teachers copy the assessment and distribute to students at testing time.

Lesson Objectives

Success Criteria

I Do

We Do

You Do

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