Indigenous Culture Homelands

Year 4 – Our Land Before Australia
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Students identify ancestors of Indigenous Australians as the first humans to colonise Australia. Students read some ancestral stories that tell of migration and compare these with scientific explanations. They learn the approximate period in history when this happened, and the evidence found in the present. Students investigate the ‘Out of Africa’ theory. They are introduced to evidence that modern humans reached South-East Asia 70,000 years ago and that they spread to Australia at least 50,000 years ago.
Learning Objectives
In Lessons 1 to 25, students learn to:
  • identify the continents of the world
  • identify the oceans of the world
  • examine what the landmass of Australia looked like long ago, during the time the first humans arrived
  • describe reasons why animals migrate
  • describe reasons why people migrate
  • identify evidence that supports the scientific theory that humans moved out of Africa approximately 50,000 years ago
  • describe possible ways that people arrived in Australia approximately 50,000 years ago
  • describe a cultural myth from the dreamtime story, ‘The Koala and the Rainbow’ from long ago
  • describe the movement of people to Tasmania and the evidence of their culture and history
  • identify rock engravings and rock art that provide us with information about the lives and history of Australia’s indigenous people
  • identify archaeological sites from around the world that suggest people migrated
  • identify fossils from the past
  • recognise ancestors of Indigenous people as being the first humans to arrive in Australia.
  • Knowledge and Understanding Test (Lesson 25)
  • Assessment Tasks for Portfolio (Lessons 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 18, 21, 23, 24)
Complete This Unit 
Lesson 1: Continents
Lesson 2: Inflatable Globe Game
Lesson 3: Oceans
Lesson 4: Activity Jigsaw
Lesson 5: Sahul
Lesson 6: Activity Continents
Lesson 7: Animal Migration
Lesson 8: Migration Board Game
Lesson 9: People Migration
Lesson 10: Lasca and Her Pups
Lesson 11: Migration Evidence
Lesson 12: Whale Migration Story 1
Lesson 13: Paths
Lesson 14: Whale Migration Story 2
Lesson 15: Traditional Stories Give Us Evidence About Our Past
Lesson 16: Melting Ice Sheets
Lesson 17: Movement of Australia
Lesson 18: Indigenous People Lived Where Australia’s Cities Now Stand
Lesson 19: Rock Art
Lesson 20: Our Place in the World
Lesson 21: Science Gives Us Evidence That People Moved in the Past
Lesson 22: Map Traditional Land That Is Important to Us
Lesson 23: Fossils Give Us Evidence of Time
Lesson 24: First Humans to Arrive in Australia
Lesson 25: Content Test

Lesson Objectives

Success Criteria

I Do

We Do

You Do

Edit: Peer Feedback

Effective Feedback


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