Physics - Year 4 
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Physics Year 4 is the study of what things are made of, how they move, and how they get energy. It aligns to the Australian Curriculum Science Understanding: 
  • Forces can be exerted by one object on another through direct contact or from a distance (ACSSU076).

This curriculum program is currently being updated to align with the Australian Curriculum 9.0. Updated versions will be released in early 2024.
Learning Objectives
In lessons 1 to 9, students learn about: 
  • what a force is and identify some common examples of forces in our everyday lives
  • identifying different types of forces and explain the difference between contact and noncontact forces
  • describing the ways forces can push and pull objects, causing them to move or stop moving.
  • how forces can resist objects when they are moving
  • how forces can repel two objects away from each other or attract two objects closer to each other.
  • the force of gravity and how it affects objects of different sizes and shapes
  • Sir Isaac Newton and how his law of forces can explain the size and direction of forces
  • the Scientific Method to investigate Newton’s Laws
  • preparing a report about our findings. 
Success Criteria  
  • Describe what a force is.
  • Identify some common examples of forces.
  • Explain what happens to an object when a force acts on it.
  • Identify contact and non-contact forces.
  • Explain what happens to objects when contact and non-contact forces act on them.
  • Identify the forces used in pushing and pulling objects.
  • Explain what normal and applied forces are.
  • Investigate motion by experimenting with pushing and pulling objects.
  • Identify the forces that can resist an object’s movement.
  • Explain what friction and resistance are.
  • Investigate friction by experimenting with objects moving.
  • Identify the forces that can attract and repel objects.
  • Explain what magnetic fields are.
  • Investigate attracting and repelling by experimenting with magnets.
  • Explain what gravity is.
  • Describe how gravity works.
  • Investigate gravity by experimenting with objects falling.
  • Describe Newton’s Laws.
  • Compare the size and direction of forces.
  • Investigate what happens to an object experiencing more than one force.
  • Identify the steps in the Scientific Method.
  • Experiment with Newton’s laws using cars on a ramp.
  • Measure the effect that steepness of a ramp has on forces. 
Progress Tests
Progress tests are conducted after every second lesson, allowing teachers to monitor student understanding of the concepts taught over the past two lessons and to identify where reteaching is needed. The Teaching Guide contains the testing questions, and the Student Workbook has a section where students write their answers and score themselves.

Structured Research Activity
The Structured Research Activity (SRA) for this unit is: Students to investigate Newton’s laws school experiment. The SRA takes place over two lessons so students can apply the Science Understanding and Science Inquiry Skills covered in the unit. Teachers use the Guide to Making Judgements, which is included in the Teaching Guide, to mark the SRA.

End-of-unit assessment
The last lesson is the end-of-unit assessment which has a variety of question formats (e.g. label the diagram, circle the correct answer) to assess student mastery of content from the unit.  

Lesson Objectives

Success Criteria

I Do

We Do

You Do

Edit: Peer Feedback

Effective Feedback


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