How to Become a Special Education Teacher in Australia: A Comprehensive Guide

Written by Stefan

May 31, 2024

Pathways into Special Education in Australia

There is a structured pathway designed to equip prospective teachers with the necessary qualifications and experience for entering the field of special education in Australia.. This process ensures that educators are well-prepared to meet the unique needs of students requiring special education services. 


The first step towards a career in special education is obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in Education, focusing on either Primary or Secondary education. However, to specialise in special education, candidates must pursue additional qualifications. This can be achieved through a Bachelor of Special Education or a postgraduate qualification in the same field. Some universities also offer dual degrees that combine general education with special education, such as a Bachelor of Education (Primary/Special Education), which provides a comprehensive foundation for future educators. 


After completing their degrees, all teaching graduates, including those aiming to specialise in special education, must register with the teaching authority in their respective state or territory. Examples include the Victorian Institute of Teaching and the New South Wales Education Standards Authority. Special education teachers may need to meet further requirements, which vary by jurisdiction or educational institution, to ensure they are fully prepared to support students with special needs. 

Internships and Practicum 

Gaining practical experience is a critical training component for special education teachers. This is typically achieved through internships or practicum placements undertaken during their degree programs. These placements are invaluable for developing essential skills in differentiating instruction and effectively managing classroom behaviour to accommodate students with diverse needs. 

Alternative Routes 

In addition to traditional educational pathways, some individuals may enter the field of special education through alternative routes. Programs such as Teach for Australia offer an accelerated pathway into teaching, providing opportunities for individuals who may be transitioning from other careers or who wish to fast-track their entry into the profession. 

Daily Responsibilities of Special Education Teachers

Special education teachers play a vital role in supporting students with diverse learning needs. Their responsibilities are wide-ranging and tailored to provide the most effective learning environment for each student. 

Individualised Education Programs (IEPs) 

A core responsibility is creating, implementing, and monitoring Individualised Education Programs (IEPs) for each student. These programs are custom-designed to meet students’ unique needs and goals, requiring regular review and adjustments based on their progress and changing requirements. 

Classroom Instruction 

Special education teachers are also tasked with adapting and differentiating lesson plans, which ensures that their students’ diverse learning abilities and styles are accommodated. They utilise evidence-based strategies, such as Direct Instruction, which emphasises explicit, guided teaching to effectively reinforce learning skills. 

Behaviour Management 

Another crucial aspect of their role involves managing challenging behaviours. This involves developing and implementing positive behaviour support plans and interventions. To address the behavioural needs of their students comprehensively, special education teachers often collaborate with allied health professionals, creating a unified approach to support. 

Administrative Tasks 

Beyond their direct educational duties, special education teachers also manage a significant amount of administrative work. This includes extensive documentation, reporting, and communication with parents, guardians or caregivers, and other professionals involved in the students’ care. Additionally, they participate in multidisciplinary meetings aimed at ensuring a cohesive and supportive educational plan for their students. 

Challenges and Support Systems for Special Education Teachers

Special education teachers navigate a landscape filled with challenges and rewards. They are tasked with crafting individualised plans and maintaining frequent documentation, contributing to a high workload. To mitigate this, schools often extend administrative support or allocate specific times for planning, aiming to lighten the burden on these educators. 

Working closely with students who have varied and complex needs can take an emotional toll. Recognising this, educational institutions offer mental health support, counselling services, and wellness programs designed to aid teachers in managing stress and maintaining their emotional well-being. 

Access to adequate resources and support staff is another hurdle. However, teachers can overcome these limitations by networking with special education peers and fostering opportunities to share resources and strategies. 

Professional collaboration is also pivotal. Special education teachers work seamlessly with allied professionals, including speech therapists, occupational therapists, and psychologists, to provide comprehensive support to their students. Schools facilitate such teamwork through the implementation of collaborative frameworks, like professional learning communities, enhancing the effectiveness of the educational environment for students with special needs. 

Teaching Special Education Using Direct Instruction

Direct Instruction (DI) is a teaching method that emphasises clear, explicit instruction through a structured, systematic approach. This method is particularly beneficial for students with special needs, offering clarity, appropriate pacing, and consistent feedback that caters to their learning requirements. 

Core Principles 

The core principles of DI revolve around its explicit teaching methodology, which ensures that instructions are straightforward and comprehensible. This approach is systematic, with each lesson building upon the previous one, making it an effective strategy for students requiring clear guidance and structure in their learning process. 


To effectively implement DI, teachers are required to adhere to specific scripts and teaching sequences. These scripts are meticulously designed to develop foundational skills in students, gradually building their capabilities through a step-by-step process. Classroom routines play a crucial role in this method, providing the necessary structure for DI to be successful by establishing a predictable learning environment. 


One of the significant advantages of DI is its ability to bridge learning gaps. By reinforcing core skills and concepts, DI helps students catch up in areas they may be lagging. Moreover, this teaching method boosts students’ confidence by allowing them to master progressively challenging material, fostering a sense of achievement and encouraging further learning. 

Find Out More 

For educators and schools committed to making a real difference in the lives of students with special needs, our Delivering Special Education with Direct Instruction guide is an invaluable resource. This comprehensive implementation guide is tailor-made for schools looking to leverage DI programs to enhance literacy and numeracy for students requiring extra support. The program’s adaptability means it can be customised to fit the unique learning needs of every student, making it a versatile tool in your educational toolkit. If you’re already on board with us, simply click the image on the left to access your guide to Delivering Special Education with Direct Instruction. 

Not a member yet? No worries! Sign up now for free access and start transforming your approach to special education today. 

Top Tips and Strategies for Excelling in Special Education

Special education is a challenging yet rewarding field that demands a high degree of dedication, compassion, and skill from educators. To truly excel in special education, teachers must employ a variety of strategies and maintain a commitment to continuous improvement. The following sections outline key areas of focus for those looking to enhance their practice in this vital area of education. 

Develop Adaptability 

In the world of special education, adaptability is not just an asset—it’s a necessity. Teachers must be ready to modify their teaching approaches and strategies to meet the unique needs of each student. This might involve adjusting lesson plans on the fly or finding new ways to engage students who face various challenges. Being flexible allows teachers to respond to unexpected situations effectively and ensures that all students have the opportunity to succeed. 

Build Strong Relationships 

The foundation of success in special education lies in the relationships built with students, their families, and colleagues. Establishing positive, trust-based relationships enables teachers to better understand and meet their students’ needs. Regular and clear communication with parents and guardians fosters a collaborative environment that supports the students’ learning and development. Similarly, building strong connections with colleagues can provide a support network for sharing resources, strategies, and encouragement. 

Focus on Self-Care 

Given the emotional and physical demands of teaching in special education, self-care is not just beneficial but essential. Educators should prioritise their own well-being to ensure they can bring their best selves to the classroom every day. This might include practices like mindfulness, regular exercise, and seeking support from peers or professionals. By taking care of themselves, teachers can maintain the resilience and energy needed to meet the challenges of their role. 

Leverage Peer Support 

The complexities of special education make collaboration and peer support particularly valuable. Sharing experiences and strategies with other special education teachers can lead to new insights and approaches. Participation in professional networks or communities of practice provides access to a wealth of resources, as well as emotional and professional support. These connections can be instrumental in navigating the challenges and celebrating the successes that come with teaching in this field. 

Embrace Continuous Learning 

The landscape of special education is ever-evolving, with new research, strategies, and technologies continuously emerging. Staying informed about the latest developments is crucial for providing the best possible education to students. Teachers should seek opportunities for professional development, such as specialised training, workshops, and courses. Pursuing further education not only enhances a teacher’s skills and knowledge but also demonstrates a commitment to excellence in special education. 


In the dynamic field of special education, staying up-to-date with effective teaching methods and fostering a nurturing environment are key to unlocking the full potential of every student. By focusing on adaptability, building strong relationships, prioritising self-care, leveraging peer support, and embracing continuous learning, educators can significantly impact their students’ lives. 

Mailchimp Form

Sign up for more free resources delivered every month!

Mailchimp Form

Sign up for more free resources delivered every month!

Related Articles

How to Measure the Effectiveness of Explicit Direct Instruction?

How to Measure the Effectiveness of Explicit Direct Instruction?

Explicit Direct Instruction (EDI) is a structured, systematic and clear teaching approach designed to optimise student learning and comprehension. It is characterised by highly organised lessons where objectives are clearly stated and instructions are provided...